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The ratification of three fundamental ILO Conventions was marked in a virtual ceremony with the ILO

The ratification of three fundamental ILO Conventions was marked in

a virtual ceremony with the ILO

                                                                                                                                                                        - April, 21.(Wed) -

    ■ The ratification process completed with the deposit of the instruments of ratification of the Forced Labour Convention (No.29), the Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention (No.87), and the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (No.98).

    ■ ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder, “Delighted to welcome the ratification of the fundamental ILO instruments.”

 

  □ The Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL) held the Ceremony of Depositing the Instruments of Ratification of Fundamental ILO Conventions with the International Labour Organization (ILO) in a virtual manner on April 20, 2021 (Tue.)

     ㅇ   At the Ceremony, the Korean government’s will to ratify fundamental ILO Conventions was officially presented to the ILO, and ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder and Minister of Employment and Labor, Lee Jae-Kap attended the Ceremony.

     ㅇ  Years of ratification process involving social dialogue, amendment to the TULRAA, and    approval of the National Assembly have come to an end, and the Conventions will enter into force from one year after the date of deposit (April 20, 2022).

 □  Korea has ratified and deposited the instruments of the Forced Labour Convention (No.29), the Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention (No.87), and the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (No.98), which brings the number of fundamental Conventions Korea has ratified to 7** from 4* and the total number of ratified Conventions to 30 from 27.

               * ILO Conventions No. 100 (ratified in Dec. 1997) and No. 111 (ratified in Dec. 1998) concerning Discrimination in respect of Employment and Occupation

                 ILO Conventions No. 138 (ratified in Jan. 1999) and No. 182 (ratified in Mar. 2001) concerning Child Labour

             ** (The ratification of fundamental Conventions in major countries) US: 2, China: 4, Japan: 6, Germany: 8, UK: 8.

The Forced Labour Convention (No.29) prohibits all forms of forced labor provided.

The Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention (No.87) stipulates basic principles on freedom of association, such as voluntary establishment and joining of organizations by the labor and management and free activities.

The Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention (No.98) includes measures to protect workers exercising their right to organize and to encourage autonomous collective bargaining.

The government which aims to realize a labor-respecting society as a core value of the national agenda, has actively engaged in efforts to ratify fundamental ILO Conventions.

     ㅇ After going through processes of multi-dimensional engagement and coordination, including social dialogue through the Economic, Social and Labour Council (ESLC), the amendment bills of the TULRAA, AEOTUT, and AEOPOT passed the National Assembly in last December.

         -  Accordingly, the ratification motion bills for three fundamental ILO Conventions (No. 29, 87, and 98) passed the National Assembly in this February.

ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder “welcomed the ratification of three fundamental ILO instruments.” “They demonstrate the conviction of the Korean people that the continuous and concerted action of governments and representatives of employers and workers is essential to the achievement of social justice, democracy and the promotion of universal and lasting peace” said Ryder.

   ㅇ  Minister of Employment and Labor, Lee Jae-Kap, stated that “I am sincerely delighted and find it meaningful to finally ratify the three fundamental ILO Conventions.” “The government will make continued efforts with the labor and management to fully guarantee the fundamental labor rights and to establish sound labor-management relations based on autonomy and responsibility” said Lee. “Although the global community is facing challenges due to COVID-19, we will strive to achieve a human-centered recovery through a range of policies such as the Korean New Deal Initiative and social dialogue” Lee added.

 

Thanks to this ratification, it is expected to bring about positive external effects such as promoting national status and credit ratings, and further contribute to mitigate trade-related risks by reducing grounds for dispute with regard to the FTAs containing labor provisions including the Korea-EU FTA.*

* The government had recently proceeded with the Panel of Experts procedures under the Korea-EU FTA on several grounds, including the ratification of fundamental ILO Conventions (Dec. 2018 - Jan. 2021).

Meanwhile, it is also expected to further protect the freedom of association through the amended TURLAA, reflecting the purposes of fundamental Conventions, and strengthen the autonomy of labor-management relations at the industrial sites.

To ensure faithful implementation of the Conventions, the government plans to actively support social dialogue and the settlement of the amended TURLAA, taking effect in this July, and to bolster cooperation with the ILO.

 

Last Modifide Date   :   Wed April 21, 2021
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