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  • MOEL fully revises Korean Employment Classification of Occupations to meet future labor demand
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  • Dec. 26, 2017

     

    The Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL) has published a revised edition of the Korean Employment Classification of Occupations (KECO), a standard classification system which aims to help people utilize and connect information on occupations, and said that the revised version, known as KECO 2018, will take effect on January 1st, 2018.

     

    KECO is used in providing job placement services and compiling statistics on labor demand and supply and serves as a basis for developing National Competency Standards reflecting supply and demand in the labor market.

     

    This revision took place 11 years after the third revision in 2007. It is a complete revision made to reflect changes in the labor market, such as the fourth industrial revolution and population ageing, and to enhance convenience for users.

     

    * (History of KECO) KECO was first developed in 2002 and revised in 2003, 2005 and 2007.

     

    A new major group 'research and engineering occupations', which includes occupations involved in IT convergence and integration and new industry- and technology-related research and development, was created to prepare for the fourth industrial revolution.

     

    The existing sub-major group 'health and medical service occupations' was upgraded to the major group level, taking into account the increased demand for such services caused by low fertility, population ageing, etc., and skill types.

     

    As for sub-major groups, the utilization of information was enhanced by adding or splitting occupational categories for which demand is growing in the labor market.

     

    Five kinds of research and engineering occupations* were added to the list of sub-major groups*.

     

    * Humanities and social science research occupations, natural and life science research occupations, IT R&D and engineering occupations, construction and mining R&D and engineering occupations and manufacturing R&D and engineering occupations

     

    A new sub-major group 'caregiving service occupations', which includes infant rearing helpers and caregivers for the sick, was created in response to low fertility and population ageing.

     

    The existing sub-major group 'beauty care, lodging, tourism, entertainment and sports related occupations' was split into three sub-major groups, 'beauty care and wedding service occupations', 'tourism, lodging and entertainment service occupations' and 'sports and recreation occupations'.

     

    New or revised unit groups, such as 'data specialists', 'pet care service workers',  'performance, film and record promoters' and 'licensed caregivers and caregives for the sick', were included in the list of unit groups to reflect recent changes in the occupational structure.

     

    * The unit groups of KECO 2018 are matched on a one-to-one basis with those of the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations published by the Statistics Korea (KOSTAT).

     

    In the revision process, MOEL gathered advice from experts and opinions from actual users, conducted a user perception survey* and consulted research and other related institutions.

     

    * MOEL identified and corrected misclassification through user testing among job seekers, currently employed workers, etc., conducted in Apr.~May, 2017.

     

    By doing so, it focused on increasing user convenience to enable actual users to understand and classify occupations intuitively and easily.

     

    Kwon Hyuk-tae, the Director-General of the Employment Services Policy Bureau, expressed his determination by saying, "We will make steady efforts to make it easier and more convenient for employment service agencies to use the classification system, for example by stepping up related education and PR campaigns and developing search tools."

     

     

    Attachment 1 Korean Employment Classification of Occupations 2018

    Major

    Sub-major

    Minor

    Unit

    10

    35

    136

    450

    0. Business, clerical, finance and insurance occupations

    01 Management occupations (senior officials, department heads)

    6

    24

    02 Business, administration and clerical occupations

    9

    32

    03 Finance and insurance occupations

    3

    14

    1. Research and engineering occupations

    11 Humanities and social science research occupations

    1

    2

    12 Natural and life science research occupations

    2

    5

    13 Information and communication R&D and engineering occupations

    6

    14

    14 Construction and mining R&D and engineering occupations

    1

    7

    15 Manufacturing R&D and engineering occupations

    9

    25

    2.Education, legal, social welfare, police, fire fighting, armed forces occupations

    21 Education occupations

    5

    16

    22 Legal occupations

    2

    6

    23 Social welfare and religious occupations

    3

    9

    24 Police, fire fighting and correctional service occupations

    1

    3

    25 Armed forces occupations

    1

    4

    3. Health and medical service occupations

    31 Health and medical service occupations

    7

    23

    4. Arts, design, broadcasting and sports occupations

    41 Arts, design and broadcasting occupations

    7

    30

    42 Sports and recreation occupations

    1

    5

    5.Beauty care, tourism, lodging, food service, protective service and cleaning occupations

    51 Beauty care and wedding service occupations

    2

    11

    52 Tourism and lodging service occupations

    4

    7

    53 Food service occupations

    2

    13

    54 Security guard and protective service occupations

    2

    5

    55 Caregiving service occupations (caregivers for the sick and infant rearing helpers)

    1

    2

    56 Cleaning and other personal service occupations

    2

    11

    6. Commerce, sales, driving and transport occupations

    61 Commerce and sales occupations

    7

    20

    62 Driving and transport occupations

    4

    15

    7. Construction and mining occupations

    71 Construction and mining occupations

    6

    24

    8. Installation, maintenance and production occupations

    81 Machine installation, maintenance and production occupations

    7

    21

    82Metal and material installation, maintenance and production occupations (Sheet metal makers, metal casting workers, hammersmiths, welders, painters, etc.)

    6

    19

    83 Electrical and electronic installation, maintenance and production occupations

    6

    11

    84 Information and communication installation and maintenance occupations

    2

    6

    85 Chemical, energy and environmental installation, maintenance and production occupations

    3

    9

    86 Textile and garment production occupations

    4

    16

    87 Food processing and production occupations

    3

    12

    88 Printing, wood, crafts and other installation, maintenance and production occupations

    5

    15

    89 Manufacturing-related elementary occupations

    1

    1

    9. Agriculture, forestry and fishery occupations

    91 Agriculture, forestry and fishery occupations

    5

    13


     

    Reference 1 Korean Employment Classification of Occupations 2007

    Major*

    Sub-major

    Minor

    Unit

    7

    24

    139

    429

    Management occupations

    01. Management occupations

    9

    24

    Business and finance occupations

    02. Business, accounting and clerical service related occupations

    9

    31

    03. Finance and insurance related occupations

    3

    11

    Social service occupations

    04. Education and natural and social science research related occupations

    8

    22

    05. Legal, police, fire fighting and correctional service related occupations

    3

    8

    06. Health and medical service related occupations

    8

    23

    07. Social welfare and religion related occupations

    3

    9

    08. Culture, arts, design and broadcasting related occupations

    8

    30

    Sales and personal service occupations

    09. Driving and transport related occupations

    5

    15

    10. Commerce and sales related occupations

    5

    19

    11. Protective service and cleaning related occupations

    5

    16

    12. Beauty care, lodging, tourism, entertainment and sports related occupations

    7

    23

    13. Food service related occupations

    2

    11

    Construction and production occupations

    14. Construction related occupations

    7

    29

    15. Machinery related occupations

    9

    23

    16. Material related occupations

    7

    22

    17. Chemical related occupations

    3

    9

    18. Textile and garment related occupations

    6

    18

    19. Electricity and electronics related occupations

    7

    13

    20. Information and communication related occupations

    6

    15

    21. Food processing related occupations

    4

    14

    22. Environment, printing, wood, furniture, crafts and production related elementary occupations

    9

    27

    Agriculture, forestry and fishery occupations

    23. Agriculture, forestry and fishery related occupations

    5

    13

    Armed forces occupations

    24. Armed forces occupations

    1

    3

     * The major groups are not used in reality, and the sub-major groups are most in use.

     

     

    Reference 2  Comparison of Occupational Classification Systems (Major Groups)

    Korean Employment Classification of Occupations 2018

    Korean Standard Classification of Occupations (2017)

    International Standard Classification of Occupations (2008)

    Japan Standard Occupational Classification (2009)

    10 major groups

    10 major groups

    10 major groups

    12 major groups

    0.Business, clerical, finance and insurance occupations

    1.Managers

    1.Managers, senior officials and legislators

    A.Administrative and managerial workers

    1.Research and engineering occupations

    2.Professionals and related workers

    2.Professionals

    B.Professional and engineering workers

    2.Education, legal, social welfare, police, fire fighting and armed forces occupations

    3.Clerks

    3.Technicians and associate professionals

    C.Clerical workers

    3.Health and medical service occupations

    4.Service workers

    4.Clerical support workers

    D. Sales workers

    4.Arts, design, broadcasting and sports occupations

    5.Sales workers

    5.Service and sales workers

    E.Service workers

    5.Beauty care, tourism, lodging, food service, protective service and cleaning occupations

    6. Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers

    6.Skilled agricultural, forestry and fishery workers

    F.Security workers

    6.Commerce, sales, driving and transport occupations

    7.Craft and related trades workers

    7.Craft and related trades workers

    G.Agriculture, forestry and fishery workers

    7.Construction and mining occupations

    8.Equipment/machine operating and assembling workers

    8.Plant and machine operators and assemblers

    H.Manufacturing process workers

    8.Installation, maintenance and production occupations

    9. Elementary workers

    9.Elementary occupations

    I.Transport and machine operation workers

    9.Agriculture, forestry and fishery occupations

    A.Armed forces

    0.Armed forces occupations

    J.Construction and mining workers

     

     

     

    K.Carrying, cleaning, packaging and related workers

     

     

     

    L.Workers not classifiable by occupation



    Reference 3 Structures of Korean Employment Classification of Occupations and U.S. Standard Occupational Classification (major groups)

    Korean Employment Classification of Occupations 2018

     

    U.S. Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) 2010

    10 major groups

     

    23 major groups

    0

    Business, clerical, finance and insurance occupations

     

    11

    Management occupations

    1

    Research and engineering occupations

     

    13

    Business and financial operations occupations

    2

    Education, legal, social welfare, police, fire fighting and armed forces occupations

     

    15

    Computer and mathematical occupations

    3

    Health and medical service occupations

     

    17

    Architecture and engineering occupations

    4

    Arts, design, broadcasting and sports occupations

     

    19

    Life, physical and social science occupations

    5

    Beauty care, tourism, lodging, food service, protective service and cleaning occupations

     

    21

    Community and social service occupations

    6

    Commerce, sales, driving and transport occupations

     

    23

    Legal occupations

    7

    Construction and mining occupations

     

    25

    Education, training and library occupations

    8

    Installation, maintenance and production occupations

     

    27

    Arts, design, entertainment, sports and media occupations

    9

    Agriculture, forestry and fishery occupations

     

    29

    Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

     

     

     

    31

    Healthcare support occupations

     

     

     

    33

    Protective service occupations

    * The Korean Employment Classification of Occupations was modeled after the U.S. Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) (2002).

    35

    Food preparation and serving related occupations

    * Structure of SOC: 23 major groups, 98 sub-major groups, 457 minor groups and 865 unit groups

    37

    Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

    39

    Personal care and service occupations

     

     

     

    41

    Sales and related occupations

     

     

     

    43

    Office and administrative support occupations

     

     

     

    45

    Farming, fishing and forestry occupations

     

     

     

    47

    Construction and extraction occupations

     

     

     

    49

    Installation, maintenance and repair occupations

     

    51

    Production occupations

     

    53

    Transportation and material moving occupations

     

    55

    Military specific occupations


     

    Attachment 2  Overview of Korean Employment Classification of Occupations

     

    (Overview) The Korean Employment Classification of Occupations (KECO), which complements the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations (KSCO, published by the Statistics Korea), is designed in a way that reflects the occupational structure of the Korean labor market, thus allowing people to easily understand occupations.

     

        * KECO is based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations and designed to be used to compile internationally comparable statistics, etc.

     

     ○KECO serves as a framework for employment policy. It is used in job placement services, statistical surveys and employment-related administrative database (job-training-qualification) connection services and in creating links to private job portals.

     

    History of KECO

    ○ KECO was developed jointly by the Statistics Korea, the Ministry of Labor and the Korea Labor Institute to provide information on occupations (2000).

    ○ It was established as a system of classification based on skill type for the purpose of being used in occupational surveys (2002).

    ○ It was revised into KECO 2007 (2007).

      * The unit groups of KECO were modified to match with those of KSCO on a one-to-one basis so that it can be used for compiling various statistics.

    ○ A legal basis for KECO was established (2011, Article 15 (4) of the Framework Act on Employment Policy).

    ○ KECO was designated as a special classification* of the Korean Standard Classification of Occupations (2012, Article 22 of the Statistics Act).

        * There are other special occupational classifications by field, including the 'classification of human resources with professional skills' and the 'classification of ICT occupations'.

     

    󰏅 (Classification criteria) KECO is a system of classification based mainly on skill type* required to perform a particular job.

     

     ○(Classification structure) 4-digit coding structure (major, sub-major, minor and unit groups)

        * The occupational classification for job placement services, whose main purpose is for it to be used in job placement services, is composed mainly of occupational units used by job seekers and job offerers in the labor market (6-digit code, 933 occupations). This classification is used in connection with the unit groups of KECO.

     

    KECO

    - Method: job type (major·sub-major) skill level (minor)

    Structure: major groups (10) sub-major groups (35) minor groups (136) unit groups (450)

    Characteristics: KECO is designed to increase the utilization of information on occupations in labor market assessment and policies.

    KSCO

    - Method: skill level (major) job type (sub-major)

    Structure: major groups (10) sub-major groups (52) minor groups (156) unit groups (450)sub-unit groups (1,232)

    Characteristics: KSCO is designed based on the International Standard Classification of Occupations.

       * (Skill type) Skill types are classified based on the areas of knowledge required to perform a job, tools and equipment used, raw materials put into production and types of good and services produced as a result. 

      ** (Skill level) A skill level refers to the level of job competency required to perform similar jobs. Skill levels are determined by formal education, training, experience, innate ability, social and cultural circumstances, etc.

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