Dec. 18, 2017
On December 18th the Ministry of Employment and Labor (MOEL Minister Kim Young-joo) preliminarily announced three amendment bills*, including a bill to amend the Enforcement Regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, (Dec. 18, 2017~Jan. 29, 2018) as a follow-up to the 'tower crane accident prevention measures' unveiled on November 16th.
* amendments to the Enforcement Regulations of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, the Regulations on Occupational Safety and Health Standards and the Regulations on Restrictions on Employment for Hazardous or Dangerous Work
The main contents of the bills are outlined below.
① Principal contractors will be required to check whether a tower crane anti-collision system is installed and to record on video the whole process of installing, dismantling and lifting a tower crane and keep such records.
② A rental company which rents out a tower crane, etc., will be required to inspect matters relating to safety measures before the installation or dismantling of the machinery, etc., and to offer education about related hazards and safety to workers engaged in installing or dismantling the machinery, etc.
③ The training courses required to acquire qualifications for installing and dismantling tower cranes will be strengthened.
The specific details are as follows.
First, a rental company which rents out hazardous or dangerous machinery, such as tower cranes, will be required to inspect matters relating to safety measures jointly with the person who hires the machinery before its installation or dismantling and to offer education about safety and hazards caused by the characteristics of the equipment to workers engaged in installing or dismantling the machinery.
Second, a person (principal contractor, etc.) who hires a tower crane will be required to check whether a tower crane anti-collision system is installed if there is a risk of collision by the tower crane.
The principal contractor will also be required to record on video the whole process of installing, dismantling and lifting the tower crane and keep those records for the rental period in order to encourage safety management and workers' efforts to comply with safe work procedures when work is carried out with a tower crane.
Third, it will be mandatorily required to assign a signal person to communicate messages between the crane operator and coordinator when work is carried out with a tower crane.
It will also be required to provide at least 8 hours of special safety and health education (currently 2 hours of education) to tower crane signal persons before work begins so that they can be engaged in signaling with full knowledge of signaling systems and methods.
Fourth, currently, any person who receives 36 hours of related training, including six hours of field practice, can engage in installing and dismantling a tower crane.
The amendments will greatly tighten up this training requirement by extending the number of training hours from 36 hours to 144 hours and reorganizing the training course to put more emphasis on field practice (three weeks of practical training and one week of theoretical training).
Meanwhile, a person who is qualified to install and dismantle tower cranes will be required to receive 36 hours of refresher training every five years after obtaining the qualification.
MOEL will push the bills through the legislative process as scheduled after the pre-announcement period to ensure that the amendments will come into effect in the first half of next year.